Madison a city located primarily in Madison county in northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. It extends west into neighboring Limestone county. The city is included in the Huntsville Metropolitan Area and is also included in the merged Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.
Madison was the site of a battle in the American Civil War on May 17, 1864, when Col. Josiah Patterson’s 5th Alabama Cavalry, supported by Col. James H. Stuart’s cavalry battalion and a section of horse artillery, drove Col. Adam G. Gorgas’s 13th Illinois Infantry Regiment from the city. More recently, the city has become a fast-growing suburb of Huntsville. In 1980, the population of Madison was about 4,000. As of the 2010 census the city’s population is 42,938.
Madison’s largest employer is Intergraph, a computer software company based in the city. Within the city limits, most of it’s businesses are retail, with stores and fast-food restaurants lining US 72 to the north and Madison Boulevard to the south.
The Madison City School System, formed in 1998, serves over 8,400 students from the city and town of Triana. The city also has several private schools, including Madison Academy, Faith Christian Academy, St John the Baptist Catholic School, and Westminster Academy.